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Cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral stress-related symptoms and coping strategies among university students during... 2022 Attia et al

Discussion in 'Epidemics (including Covid-19, not Long Covid)' started by Andy, Oct 4, 2022.

  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member

    Messages:
    18,046
    Location:
    Hampshire, UK
    Full title: Cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral stress-related symptoms and coping strategies among university students during the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic

    Background: Stress is manifested by different physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral stress-related symptoms, and everyone experiences it uniquely. The COVID-19 Pandemic has tremendously affected university students' lives. So, we conducted this study to determine the stress frequency, causes, determinants, and related symptoms involving physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral traits and coping strategies among university students in Egypt during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, 2021.

    Methods: Cross-sectional study targeted 1,467 randomly selected undergraduate university students, representing all colleges from 30 universities in Egypt, through a validated self-administrated questionnaire.

    Results: The total stress-related symptom score was statistically significant (p < 0.05), higher among females, married, living on campus, with a (B) GPA, and those who had both organic and psychological disorders. The top 10 prevalent physical symptoms were headaches, chronic fatigue, hair loss, low back pain, neck pain, shoulders and arm pain, ophthalmological symptoms, acne, shakiness of extremities, and palpitations, respectively. The most reported symptoms regarding the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects were anxiety and racing thoughts, moodiness and irritability, and excessive sleeping, respectively. Nine hundred and thirty-seven (63.9%) reported that the COVID-19 pandemic badly affected their lives, either directly or indirectly. The study showed that the prevalence of stress among university students is more than 97%. One thousand and five (68.5%) preferred isolation as a relieving technique.

    Conclusion: Stress and its related physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms are prevalent among university students. Most of the university students who were recruited reported that the COVID-19 pandemic badly affected their lives and used negative ways to deal with stress, like staying alone and sleeping too much. Positive ways to deal with stress, like seeing a therapist or meditating, were less common.

    Open access, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.933981/full
     
    Peter Trewhitt likes this.
  2. BrightCandle

    BrightCandle Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Messages:
    351
    Location:
    UK
    That is a lot of Long Covid patients that are going to get diagnosed with Anxiety due to stress while the completely fail to bother to test their blood and find metabolic issues and clots and everything else that goes wrong.
     
    Peter Trewhitt likes this.

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