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[CPET] in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Survivors: Evidence of a Sustained Exercise Intolerance and Hypermetabolism, 2021, Joris et al

Discussion in 'Epidemics (including Covid-19)' started by Andy, Jul 20, 2021 at 1:08 PM.

  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member (& Outreach when energy allows)

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    Full title: Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Survivors: Evidence of a Sustained Exercise Intolerance and Hypermetabolism

    Abstract
    OBJECTIVES:
    To investigate exercise capacity at 3 and 6 months after a prolonged ICU stay.

    DESIGN:
    Observational monocentric study.

    SETTING:
    A post-ICU follow-up clinic in a tertiary university hospital in Liège, Belgium.

    PATIENTS:
    Patients surviving an ICU stay greater than or equal to 7 days for a severe coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia and attending our post-ICU follow-up clinic.

    MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
    Cardiopulmonary and metabolic variables provided by a cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer were collected at rest, at peak exercise, and during recovery. Fourteen patients (10 males, 59 yr [52–62 yr], all obese with body mass index > 27 kg/m2) were included after a hospital stay of 40 days (35–53 d). At rest, respiratory quotient was abnormally high at both 3 and 6 months (0.9 [0.83–0.96] and 0.94 [0.86–0.97], respectively). Oxygen uptake was also abnormally increased at 3 months (8.24 mL/min/kg [5.38–10.54 mL/min/kg]) but significantly decreased at 6 months (p = 0.013). At 3 months, at the maximum workload (67% [55–89%] of predicted workload), oxygen uptake peaked at 81% (64–104%) of predicted maximum oxygen uptake, with oxygen pulse and heart rate reaching respectively 110% (76–140%) and 71% (64–81%) of predicted maximum values. Ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide remains within normal ranges. The 50% decrease in oxygen uptake after maximum effort was delayed, at 130 seconds (115–142 s). Recovery was incomplete with a persistent anaerobic metabolism. At 6 months, no significant improvement was observed, excepting an increase in heart rate reaching 79% (72–95%) (p = 0.008).

    CONCLUSIONS:
    Prolonged reduced exercise capacity was observed up to 6 months in critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 survivors. This disability did not result from residual pulmonary or cardiac dysfunction but rather from a metabolic disorder characterized by a sustained hypermetabolism and an impaired oxygen utilization.

    Open access, https://journals.lww.com/ccejournal...ry_Exercise_Testing_in_Critically_Ill.24.aspx
     
    Forbin, Michelle, Louie41 and 10 others like this.
  2. strategist

    strategist Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Sounds like rehab is ineffective.

    Sounds similar to what was reported by Fluge and Mella (increased consumption of amino acids for energy productin in a pattern consistent with impaired pyruvate dehydrogenase).
     
  3. Michiel Tack

    Michiel Tack Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Yes, but they only had 14 patients at 6-month follow-up so the lack of statistical significance could simply be due to this small sample size.
     
    Michelle, Trish, Snow Leopard and 8 others like this.

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