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Erythrocytes Induce Vascular Dysfunction in COVID-19, 2022, Mahdi et al

Discussion in 'Epidemics (including Covid-19, not Long Covid)' started by Andy, Feb 24, 2022.

  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member

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    Hampshire, UK
    Highlights

    • Patients hospitalized for COVID-19 display marked impairment in endothelial function, which is persistent following recovery from the acute infection.
    • Red blood cells (RBCs) from patients with COVID-19 impair vascular function through mechanisms involving increased arginase 1, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and interferon γ (IFNγ), and reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioactivity.
    • These data advance our understanding in COVID-19–associated vascular injury with a clear involvement of RBCs.
    • Targeting these mechanisms might provide a novel therapeutic strategy to alleviate vascular injury in patients with COVID-19.

    Summary

    Current knowledge regarding mechanisms underlying cardiovascular complications in patients with COVID-19 is limited and urgently needed. We shed light on a previously unrecognized mechanism and unravel a key role of red blood cells, driving vascular dysfunction in patients with COVID-19 infection. We establish the presence of profound and persistent endothelial dysfunction in vivo in patients with COVID-19. Mechanistically, we show that targeting reactive oxygen species or arginase 1 improves vascular dysfunction mediated by red blood cells. These translational observations hold promise that restoring the redox balance in red blood cells might alleviate the clinical complications of COVID-19–associated vascular dysfunction.

    Open access, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2452302X2100396X
     
    alktipping, Lilas, Yvonne and 8 others like this.

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