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Fucoxanthin Attenuates the Reprogramming of Energy Metabolism during the Activation of Hepatic Stellate Cells, 2022, Minkyung et al

Discussion in 'Other health news and research' started by Andy, May 15, 2022.

  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member

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    Hampshire, UK
    Abstract

    Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a major role in developing liver fibrosis. Upon activation during liver injury, activated HSC (aHSC) increase cell proliferation, fibrogenesis, contractility, chemotaxis, and cytokine release. We previously showed that aHSC have increased mitochondrial respiration but decreased glycolysis compared to quiescent HSC (qHSC). We also demonstrated that fucoxanthin (FCX), a xanthophyll carotenoid, has an anti-fibrogenic effect in HSC. The objective of this study was to investigate whether FCX attenuates metabolic reprogramming occurring during HSC activation. Mouse primary HSC were activated in the presence or absence of FCX for seven days. aHSC displayed significantly decreased glycolysis and increased mitochondrial respiration compared to qHSC, which was ameliorated by FCX present during activation. In addition, FCX partially attenuated the changes in the expression of genes involved in glycolysis and mitochondrial respiration, including hexokinase 1 (Hk1), Hk2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1β, and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 3. Our data suggest that FCX may prevent HSC activation by modulating the expression of genes crucial for metabolic reprogramming in HSC.

    Open access, https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/14/9/1902/htm
     
    Peter Trewhitt likes this.

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