Phillips M, Turner-Stokes L, Wade D, et al. Rehabilitation in the wake of COVID-19-A phoenix from the ashes. Br Soc Rehabil Med [Updated 2020 Apr 27; cited 2020 Dec 27]. Available from: https://www.bsrm.org.uk/downloads/covid-19bsrmissue1-published-27-4-2020.pdf. https://www.bsrm.org.uk/publications/publications The document has been reviewed by members of the following BSRM committees: • The Executive Committee • The Research and Clinical Standards sub-committee. This is a working document that will be reviewed and revised if necessary, as further evidence and information becomes available and as the Covid-19 situation develops. Executive Summary Rehabilitation forms a critical component of the acute care pathway, helping to relieve pressure on the acute and frontline services. It is shown to be both effective and cost-effective, whether through improving independence and societal reintegration; or managing the impacts of long-term disability including neuro-palliative care. The Covid-19 pandemic has already led to a marked increase in the burden of disease and disability and will continue to do so. It has produced many new challenges: A diminished workforce due to sickness, shielding and redeployment to frontline services. The many impacts of social distancing including o socio-economic and psychosocial effects o isolation of patients from their families o restrictions on interventions that involve hands-on treatment, group interventions or aerosol generating procedures. An as yet unquantifiable additional case-load of patients with post-Covid disability presenting with a wide range of problems due to cardio-pulmonary, musculoskeletal, neurological and psychological/psychiatric complications of the disease, compounded in many cases by deconditioning from prolonged stays in ITU. As NHS services re-boot in the wake of the pandemic, there is an important opportunity to work collaboratively to rebuild services on a better, more co-operative model – a phoenix from the ashes. This document sets out the BSRM’s recommendations for rehabilitation services for adults aged 16 years and over in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic - in particular, the role of specialist rehabilitation to support patients with more complex rehabilitation needs. Edited to add information on the paper (text in italics at the beginning).