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Untargeted serum metabolomics and potential biomarkers for Sjögren's syndrome, 2021, Xu et al

Discussion in 'Health News and Research unrelated to ME/CFS' started by Andy, Jul 14, 2021.

  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member (& Outreach when energy allows)

    Hampshire, UK

    Objectives: At present, the pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) remains unclear. This research aimed to identify differential metabolites that contribute to SS diagnosis and discover the disturbed metabolic pathways.

    Methods: Recent advances in mass spectrometry have allowed the identification of hundreds of unique metabolic signatures and the exploration of altered metabolite profiles in disease. In this study, 505 candidates including healthy controls (HCs) and SS patients were recruited and the serum samples were collected. A non-targeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) serum metabolomics method was used to explore the changes in serum metabolites.

    Results: We found SS patients and HCs can be distinguished by 21 significant metabolites. The levels of alanine, tryptophan, glycolic acid, pelargonic acid, cis-1-2-dihydro-1-2-naphthalenediol, diglycerol, capric acid, turanose, behenic acid, dehydroabietic acid, stearic acid, linoleic acid, heptadecanoic acid, valine, and lactic acid were increased in serum samples from SS patients, whereas levels of catechol, anabasine, 3-6-anhydro-D-galactose, beta-gentiobiose, 2-ketoisocaproic acid and ethanolamine were decreased. The significantly changed pathways included the following: Linoleic acid metabolism; unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis; aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis; valine, leucine, and isoleucine biosynthesis; glycerolipid metabolism; selenocompound metabolism; galactose metabolism; alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism; glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism; glycerophospholipid metabolism; and valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation.

    Conclusions: These findings enhance the informative capacity of biochemical analyses through the identification of serum biomarkers and the analysis of metabolic pathways and contribute to an improved understanding of the pathogenesis of SS.

    Paywall, https://www.clinexprheumatol.org/abstract.asp?a=16904
    Mithriel, spinoza577, Ron and 3 others like this.

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