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Interventions for the Treatment and Management of CFS: A Systematic Review, 2001, Whiting et al

Discussion in 'Psychosomatic research - ME/CFS and Long Covid' started by Hutan, May 15, 2022.

  1. Hutan

    Hutan Moderator Staff Member

    Aotearoa New Zealand
    (an old paper, mentioned on another thread here)
    Interventions for the Treatment and Management of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Systematic Review


    Penny Whiting, MSc; 1
    Anne-Marie Bagnall, PhD; 1
    Amanda J. Sowden, PhD; 1
    John E. Cornell, PhD; 2,3
    Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc; 2,3
    Gilbert Ramírez, DrPH 2

    Author Affiliations:
    1. National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, England
    2. San Antonio Evidence-Based Practice Center, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
    3. Veterans Evidence-Based Research, Dissemination, and Implementation Center and the Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Audie L. Murphy Division,
    South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio

    A variety of interventions have been used in the treatment and management of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Currently, debate exists among health care professionals and patients about appropriate strategies for management.

    Objective To assess the effectiveness of all interventions that have been evaluated for use in the treatment or management of CFS in adults or children.

    Data Sources Nineteen specialist databases were searched from inception to either January or July 2000 for published or unpublished studies in any language. The search was updated through October 2000 using PubMed. Other sources included scanning citations, Internet searching, contacting experts, and online requests for articles.

    Study Selection Controlled trials (randomized or nonrandomized) that evaluated interventions in patients diagnosed as having CFS according to any criteria were included. Study inclusion was assessed independently by 2 reviewers. Of 350 studies initially identified, 44 met inclusion criteria, including 36 randomized controlled trials and 8 controlled trials.

    Data Extraction Data extraction was conducted by 1 reviewer and checked by a second. Validity assessment was carried out by 2 reviewers with disagreements resolved by consensus. A qualitative synthesis was carried out and studies were grouped according to type of intervention and outcomes assessed.

    Data Synthesis The number of participants included in each trial ranged from 12 to 326, with a total of 2801 participants included in the 44 trials combined. Across the studies, 38 different outcomes were evaluated using about 130 different scales or types of measurement. Studies were grouped into 6 different categories. In the behavioral category, graded exercise therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy showed positive results and also scored highly on the validity assessment. In the immunological category, both immunoglobulin and hydrocortisone showed some limited effects but, overall, the evidence was inconclusive. There was insufficient evidence about effectiveness in the other 4 categories (pharmacological, supplements, complementary/alternative, and other interventions).

    Conclusions Overall, the interventions demonstrated mixed results in terms of effectiveness. All conclusions about effectiveness should be considered together with the methodological inadequacies of the studies. Interventions which have shown promising results include cognitive behavioral therapy and graded exercise therapy. Further research into these and other treatments is required using standardized outcome measures.
    Sean and Peter Trewhitt like this.
  2. Hutan

    Hutan Moderator Staff Member

    Aotearoa New Zealand
    (Catching up on our backlog of reports)

    It was debatable where to put this thread - the standard research forum, or the psychosomatic research forum. I've gone for the latter, due to the paper's suggestion that GET and CBT were useful. Interesting though to see the concerns about 'methodological inadequacies of the studies'.

    This paper is also interesting in the context of the Gulf War Illness controversy, and the involvement here of the US Veterans Health Care system.
    Mithriel, Peter Trewhitt and Trish like this.
  3. Creekside

    Creekside Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    This statement would apply just as well to treatments picked randomly and intended for other diseases. Take a bunch of ME patients, give them toe fungus treatments and spleen transplants or whatever else, and maybe throw in some magic crystals and mystic rituals, and you'd get some patients reporting benefits, some detriments, and some 'didn't help'.

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