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Preprint Genome-wide association study reveals different T cell distributions in blood of individuals at high genetic risk of type 1 diabetes & LC,2024,Deecke+

Discussion in 'Long Covid research' started by SNT Gatchaman, Feb 12, 2024.

  1. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Genome-wide association study reveals different T cell distributions in peripheral blood of healthy individuals at high genetic risk of type 1 diabetes and long COVID
    Laura Deecke; Jan Homann; David Goldeck; Felix Luessi; Marijne Vandebergh; Olena Ohlei; Sarah Toepfer; Frauke Zipp; Ilja Demuth; Sarah L. Morgan; Lars Bertram; Graham Pawelec; Christina M. Lill

    The immune system plays a crucial role in many human diseases. In this context, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) offer valuable insights to elucidate the role of immunity in health and disease. The present multi-omics study aimed to identify genetic determinants of immune cell type distributions in the blood of healthy individuals and to assess whether the distributions of these cells may play a role for autoimmune and COVID-19 disease risk.

    To this end, the frequencies of different immune cells in 483 healthy individuals from the Berlin Aging Study II were quantified using flow cytometry, and GWAS was performed for 92 immune cell phenotypes. Additionally, we performed linear regression analyses of immune cell distributions using polygenic risk scores (PRS) based on prior GWAS for five autoimmune diseases as well as for COVID-19 infection and post-COVID syndrome ("long COVID").

    We validated seven previously described immune loci and identified 13 novel loci showing genome-wide significant (α=5.00E-8) association with different immune cell phenotypes. The most significant novel signal was conferred by the SLC52A3 locus, encoding for a riboflavin transporter protein, which was associated with naïve CD57+ CD8+ T cells (p=4.13E-17) and colocalized with SLC52A3 expression.

    Several novel loci contained immunologically plausible candidate genes, e.g., variants near TBATA and B3GAT1 representing genes associated with T cell phenotypes. The PRS of type 1 diabetes were significantly associated with CD8+ T cells at different differentiation states (p≤7.02E-4), and PRS of long COVID were associated with early-differentiated CD4+ T cells (p≤1.54E-4).

    In conclusion, our extensive immune cell GWAS analyses highlight several novel genetic loci of likely relevance for immune system function. Furthermore, our PRS analyses point to a shared genetic basis between immune cell distributions in healthy adults and T1D (CD8+ T cells) as well as long COVID (CD4+ T cells).


    Link | PDF (Preprint: MedRxiv)
     
    Hutan, Jacob Richter and EndME like this.
  2. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Messages:
    4,031
    Location:
    Aotearoa New Zealand
     

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